Table 1.

Personal and Professional Situations of a Sample of Hospital Pharmacists in France and Quebec

FranceQuebec
Variablesn (%)n (%)P
Demographic profile
 Males150 (44)172 (33)0.039 a
 Non-single status139 (78)170 (77)0.786 a
 Average number of childrenf1401720.517 b
Hospital duties
 Department head150 (13)172 (12)d
 Hospital practitioner e150 (41)
 Assistant specialist or generalist e150 (21)172 (83)
 Attaché (or other term) e150 (6)
 Other150 (19)172 (5)
Practice settings
 UHC150 (46)172 (70)0.001 a
 HC150 (31)172 (27)
 Private clinic150 (5)172 (0)
 Other150 (18)172 (3)
 Seniority in yearsf1421670.366 b
Hospital activities
 Pharmaceutical servicesf144159NA
 Pharmaceutical caref108151
 Managementf130118
 Teachingf115137
 Researchf9798
Hours of work per week
 < 35 hours150 (7)172 (16)0.001 a
 Between 35 and 40 hours150 (23)172 (41)
 > 40 hours150 (70)172 (42)
Training
 Comfortable with english150 (43)172 (88)0.001 a
 External continuing education activities/yearf1301490.135 c
 Bibliographical research on a regular basis144 (79)167 (92)0.002 a
 Critical analysis of the literature on a regular basis140 (76)169 (86)0.028 a
 Average number of papers read/yearf1141530.368 c
 Comfortable with office software programs such as Word, Excel and PowerPoint146 (90)167 (68)0.001 a
 Comfortable with software programs such as MS Access142 (44)166 (22)0.001 a
 Comfortable with software programs for statistical analyses140 (19)166 (19)1.000 a
  • Abbreviations: UHC = University Hospital Center; HC = Hospital Center.

  • a Determined by a chi-square test.

  • b Determined by a Student t test.

  • c Determined by a Mann-Whitney test.

  • d Comparison not carried out given the difference in regulations between the 2 countries.

  • e Certain job titles exist only in France and this differentiation is not made in Quebec.

  • f Average number of children of hospital pharmacists in France 1.3 ± 1.2 and Quebec 1.2 ± 1.2; seniority in years for France 14 ± 8 and Quebec 13 ± 8; pharmaceutical services for France 54 ± 25 and Quebec 30 ± 20; pharmaceutical care for France 12 ± 12 and Quebec 41 ± 21; management for France 28 ± 22 and Quebec 28 ± 33; teaching for France 8 ± 8 and Quebec 12 ± 11; research for France 7 ± 9 and Quebec 8 ± 11; external continuing education activities/year for France 3 [2-5] (med [Q1-Q3]) and Quebec 3 [2-6]; average number of papers read/year for France 30 [12-60] and Quebec 30 [20-50].