Table 2.

Faculty Members’ Evaluation of the Frequency of Students’ Clinical Behaviors

BeforeStandards 2007,Mean (SE)After Standards 2007,Mean (SE)p
Researching a Problem
Identified situations when primary or tertiary literature was required for problem solving.2.8 (0.1)2.3 (0.1)< 0.01
Utilized appropriate references for solving DRPs and for researching medications and disease states pertinent to patient discussion.2.7 (0.1)2.1 (0.1)< 0.001
Knowledge
 Had knowledge of medications that was adequate to discuss patients’ drug therapy with you or other health professionals.2.8 (0.1)2.1 (0.1)< 0.001
Drug Related Problems (DRPs)
Identified pertinent patient specific DRPs.2.7 (0.1)2.1 (0.1)< 0.001
Identified clear outcomes for drug related problems.2.8 (0.1)2.2 (0.1)< 0.001
 Adequately considered alternatives in the management of DRPs.3.0 (0.1)2.4 (0.1)< 0.001
Formulated appropriate recommendations for DRPs.2.9 (0.1)2.1 (0.1)< 0.001
 Created appropriate monitoring plans for the recommendations provided.2.9 (0.1)2.1 (0.1)< 0.001
Prompting
 Was able to answer questions, solve DRPs, and discuss patients without any prompting.3.5 (0.1)2.6 (0.2)< 0.001
Average2.9 (0.1)2.2 (0.1)< 0.001
  • Scores based on a Likert scale: 1 = always, 2 = usually, 3 = half the time, 4 = infrequently, 5 = never