Appendix 1.

Informatics Resources to Support Teaching Concept

Recommended ArticlesSuggested Websites & Search Terms
TopicPrescribing
Physician medication selection and prescription-related decision-makingTavakoli M, Davies HT, Thomson R. Decision analysis in evidence-based decision making. J Eval Clin Pract. 2000;6(2):111-120.clinical, decision, making, Tufts, Society for Medical Decision Making
Challenges with handwriting, transcription, and verbal communication of prescriptionsBates DW, Cullen DJ, Laird N, et al. Incidence of adverse drug events and potential adverse drug events. Implications for prevention. JAMA. 1995;274(1):29-34.www.ismp.org
Impacts of computerized provider order entry and electronic prescribingAsh JS, Sittig DF, Poon EG, Guappone K, Campbell E, Dykstra RH. The extent and importance of unintended consequences related to computerized provider order entry. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2007;14(4):415-423.www.cpoe.org
Moniz TT, Segar AC, Keohane CA, Seger DL, Bates DW, Rothschild JM. Addition of electronic prescription transmission to computerized prescriber order entry: Effect on dispensing errors in community pharmacies. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2011;68(2):158-163.www.cms.gov/eprescribing
Drug information availability and use at the point of prescribingTeich JM, Merchia PR, Schmiz JL, Kuperman GJ, Spurr CD, Bates DW. Effects of computerized physician order entry on prescribing practices. Arch Intern Med. 2000;160(18):2741-2747.www.amia.org/inside/initiatives/cds
Patient information availability and use at the point of prescribingGalanter WL, Polikaitis A, DiDomenico RJ. A trial of automated safety alerts for inpatient digoxin use with computerized physician order entry. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2004;11(4):270-277.Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, health IT, clinical, decision support
Pharmacist Prescription Review
Pharmacist analysis of prescription appropriatenessHanlon JT, Schmader KE, Samsa GP, et al. A method for assessing drug therapy appropriateness. J Clin Epidemiol. 1992;45(10):1045-1051.American Society of Health System Pharmacists (ASHP), medication therapy, patient care
Pharmacist interventions for clinical or other reasonsKopp BJ, Mrsan M, Erstad BL, Duby JJ. Cost implications of and potential adverse events prevented by interventions of a critical care pharmacist. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. 2007;64(23):2483-2487.Institute for Healthcare Improvement, medication systems, measures
Drug product selection for compounding and dispensingAmerican Society of Health-System Pharmacists Section of Pharmacy Informatics and Technology Executive Committee. Technology-enabled practice: A vision statement by the ASHP Section of Pharmacy Informatics and Technology. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2009;66:1573-1577.drug product selection
Dispensed product labelingShrank W, Avorn J, Rolon C, Shekelle P. Effect of content and format of prescription drug labels on readability, understanding, and medication use: a systematic review. Ann Pharmacother. 2007;41(5):783-801.Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP), tools, guidelines, label, format
Generating charges or billingMitchell CL, Anderson ER Jr, Braun L. Billing for inpatient hospital care. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2003;60(21 Suppl 6):S8-11.American Health Information Management Association, resources, reimbursement
Compounding and Dispensing
Supply chain automationTemple J, Ludwig B. Implementation and evaluation of carousel dispensing technology in a university medical center pharmacy. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2010;67:821-829.pharmacy, medication supply chain, automation
Robotics and process control technology for compounding workflowsKastango ES. Using ACDs in the practice of pharmacy. Int J Pharmaceutical Compounding. 2005;9(1):15-21.automated, compounding, devices
Automatic counting of oral solid dosage formsFlynn EA, Barker KN, Carnahan BJ. National observational study of prescription dispensing accuracy and safety in 50 Pharmacies. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2003;43(2):191-200.automation, society, pharmacy, cost, benefit, analysis
Validating selected products prior to dispensingPoon EG, Cina JL, Churchill W, et al. Medication dispensing errors and potential adverse drug events before and after implementing bar code technology in the pharmacy. Ann Intern Med. 2006;145(6):426-434.FDA, bar code, label, requirement, drugs
Automated dispensingKlibanov OM, Eckel SF. Effects of automated dispensing on inventory control, billing, workload, and potential for medication errors. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2003;60(6):569-572.ASHP, ISMP, automated dispensing, machine, guidelines
Flynn EA, Barker KN. Effect of an automated dispensing system on errors in two pharmacies. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2006;46(5):613-615.
Medication Administration
The five rights of medication administrationElliott M, Liu Y. The nine rights of medication administration: an overview. Br J Nurs. 2010;19(5):300-305.safe, medication, administration
Drug error reduction systems for parenteral infusionsElias BL, Moss JA. Smart pump technology: What we have learned. Comput Inform Nurs. 2010 Nov 24.:epub ahead of print.FDA, medical devices, infusion pumps
Automated drug product identificationPoon EG, Keohane CA, Yoon CS, et al. Effect of bar-code technology on the safety of medication administration. N Engl J Med. 2010;362(18):1698-1707.Healthcare Information and Management Systems (HIMSS), auto ID, bar coding, task force
Documentation of medication administration and regimen complianceRamalho de Oliveira D, Brummel AR, Miller DB. Medication therapy management: 10 years of experience in a large integrated health care system. Manag Care Pharm. 2010;16(3):185-195.electronic medication administration record (eMAR), electronic, medication, administration, record
Monitoring of Ongoing Medication Therapies
The electronic health record and electronic medical recordDesRoches CM, Campbell EG, Vogeli C, et al. Electronic health records' limited successes suggest more targeted uses. Health Aff. 2010;29(4):639-646.www.amia.org/content/got-ehr
Clinical decision support using rule-based alerting, highlighting and triaging of issuesJha AK, Laguette J, Seger A, Bates DW. Can surveillance systems identify and avert adverse drug events? A prospective evaluation of a commercial application. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2008;15(5):647-653.www.cdc.gov/nhsn/index.html
Population pharmaco-surveillancePenfold RB, Wang W, Pajer K, Strange B, Kelleher KJ. Spatio-temporal clusters of new psychotropic medications among Michigan children insured by Medicaid. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2009;18(7):531-539.www.pharmacoepi.org
Documentation of positive and negative outcomes from medication therapyMillonig MK. Mapping the route to medication therapy management documentation and billing standardization and interoperabilility within the health care system: meeting proceedings. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2009;49(3):372-382.documentation, pharmaceutical care, outcomes
Informing the prescribing/ordering processDavydov L, Ebert SC, Restino M, et al. Prospective evaluation of the treatment and outcome of community-acquired pneumonia according to the Pneumonia Severity Index in VHA hospitals. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2006;54(4):267-275.ASHP, medication use, evaluation