Table 3.

Learning Outcomes for the Lethal Injection Portion of a Toxicology Module Taught as Part of an Introduction to Therapeutics Course

Upon completion of this module students should be able to:
 • Describe the history of capital punishment in the United States beginning with hanging and leading up to modern day use of lethal injection.
 • List typical drug components employed in lethal injection protocols and the associated rationale the use of these specific agents.
 • Discuss the pros and cons of lethal injection as a means of capital punishment including ethical implications for health care professionals.
 • Explain position statements of major healthcare professional associations (eg, American Pharmacists Association, American Medical Association, American Nurses Association) as they relate to member participation in lethal injection processes.