Table 3.

Perception About Pharmacovigilance Activities and ADR Reporting Among Final-Year Pharmacy Students

Survey Question/StatementResponsesP
SD, No. (%)D, No. (%)N, No. (%)A, No. (%)SA, No. (%)GenderUniversityPrevious Exposure to PV Subject
Pharmacovigilance should be included as a core topic in pharmacy education.8 (1.9)9 (2.2)79 (23.3)288 (54.7)75 (18.0)0.8260.3740.002
I believe that the topic of pharmacovigilance is well covered in my pharmacy school curriculum.13 (3.1)59 (14.1)209 (50.1)120 (28.8)16 (3.8)0.346a0.2560.002a
I do not have any idea of how to report ADRs to the relevant authorities in Malaysia.70 (16.8)196 (47.0)96 (23.0)49 (11.8)6 (1.40)0.2250.0000.172
Pharmacy students can perform adverse drug reactions reporting during their clerkship.7 (1.7)52 (52)117 (28.1)190 (45.6)51 (12.2)0.4170.0000.685
ADR reporting should be made compulsory for pharmacists.4 (1.0)11 (2.6)87 (20.9)205 (49.2)110 (26.4)0.1790.1170.695
Information on how to report ADRs should be taught to senior pharmacy students.4 (1.0)9 (2.2)41 (9.8)202 (48.4)161 (38.6)0.3200.4880.268
Reporting of known ADRs makes no significant contribution to the reporting system.115 (27.6)186 (44.6)63 (15.1)43 (10.3)10 (2.4)0.000a0.0110.211a
With my present knowledge, I am very well prepared to report any ADRs notice in my future practice.12 (2.9)61 (14.6)188 (45.1)133 (31.9)23 (5.5)0.2340.0010.056
I believe a pharmacist is one of the most important healthcare professionals to report adverse drug reactions.2 (0.5)6 (1.4)32 (7.7)178 (42.7)199 (47.7)0.145a0.0200.241a
I believe serious and unexpected reactions that are not fatal or life-threatening during clinical trials must not be reported.165 (39.6)168 (40.3)45 (10.8)22 (5.3)17 (4.1)0.0000.1220.182
  • Scale: SA = strongly agree; A = agree; N = neutral; D = disagree; SD = strongly disagree

  • Abbreviations: ADR = adverse drug reaction; PV = pharmacovigilance

  • * Chi square test.